In Alaska, lichenometry continues to be an important technique for dating late Holocene moraines. Research completed during the s through the early s developed lichen dating curves for five regions in the Arctic and subarctic mountain ranges beyond altitudinal and latitudinal treelines. Although these dating curves are still in use across Alaska, little progress has been made in the past decade in updating or extending them or in developing new curves. Comparison of results from recent moraine-dating studies based on these five lichen dating curves with tree-ring based glacier histories from southern Alaska shows generally good agreement, albeit with greater scatter in the lichen-based ages. Cosmogenic surface-exposure dating of Holocene moraines has the potential to test some of the assumptions of the lichenometric technique and to facilitate the development of a new set of improved lichen dating curves for Alaska. Wiles, D.
Lichenometric dating in southeast Iceland: the size–frequency approach
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This paper proposes a review of the use of lichenometry in Iceland since , using different techniques to solve the chronology of geomorphic processes. Based on the results of over 35 published studies, lichenometry has been widely applied in Iceland, proposing numerical ages absolute dating and relative ages relative dating of different surfaces. Increasing awareness of methodological limitations of the technique, together with more sophisticated data processing, has led some authors to claim that lichenometric 'ages' are robust and reliable. However, the different measurement techniques used make it difficult to compare regions or studies in the same area. These problems are exacerbated in Iceland by rapid environmental changes across short distances and more generally by lichen species mis-identification in the field.