Stonehenge , prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain , about 8 miles 13 km north of Salisbury , Wiltshire , England. Though there is no definite evidence as to the intended purpose of Stonehenge, it was presumably a religious site and an expression of the power and wealth of the chieftains, aristocrats, and priests who had it built—many of whom were buried in the numerous barrows close by. It was aligned on the Sun and possibly used for observing the Sun and Moon and working out the farming calendar. Or perhaps the site was dedicated to the world of the ancestors, separated from the world of the living, or was a healing centre. Whether it was used by the Druids Celtic priests is doubtful, but present-day Druids gather there every year to hail the midsummer sunrise. Looking toward the sunrise, the entrance in the northeast points over a big pillar, now leaning at an angle, called the Heel Stone.
Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge
Theories about Stonehenge - Wikipedia
Water Conservation in Your RV. While this imposing monument, sometimes called the America Stonehenge, is peculiar enough, the story of how it came to be, here in a rural Southern cow pasture, is stranger still. Roughly half the monuments, gravestones, and public statues and memorials in the country come from no more than a few miles from here. More than four hundred quarries dot the surrounding landscape, ranging over parts of three counties. According to the expert we talked to, business is better now than it has ever been, and work is easy to find. Just outside the Elberton Granite Museum is a spire more than fifty feet high, the largest ever made from a single piece of stone.
Stonehenge may have been first erected in Wales, evidence suggests
The Shigir Idol, a mysterious carved slab of wood discovered in a Russian bog is even older than previously thought - and is twice as old as the Pyramids and Stonehenge. The foot statue was found in a peat bog in by gold miners, and was initially carbon-dated to 9, years ago. Later carbon dating pushed that date back to 11, years ago , based on advanced accelerator mass spectrometry. But new research suggests that the statue is even older at 12, years old, making the idol by far the oldest piece of ritual art in the world. The research was published in Quaternary International.
The further back in time you go, the sparser the archaeological record grows. Many materials used by humans - wood, leather, fabric - simply don't last and are swallowed by Earth under the implacable march of time. The Shigir Idol, in that context, is a marvel. This wooden figurative statue with a number of mask-like faces was carved thousands of years ago, and preserved for millennia in the acidic, antimicrobial environment of the Shigir peat bog in the Ural Mountains in Russia.