I was meant to go to school that day but I had a stomach bug. My family said I should stay home because the teachers would only make me do war work anyway. It was just before am, and my sister and I were in my bedroom talking. My brother was part of the student mobilisation and worked at Japan Steel, manufacturing weapons. He was just home from his shift and sitting by the window, playing his guitar. My eldest sister was also back from work and having a late breakfast of rice, chopsticks in hand.
Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
Tinian Island | Atomic Heritage Foundation
The personal story of Brigadier General Paul W. Tibbets, who flew the Boeing B Enola Gay , and the individual accounts of its crew members have also been published since that eventful mission a half century ago. Then, too, it may be because that second A-bomb strike nearly ended disastrously. Tibbets, then a colonel in charge of the th Composite Group, had honed his unit of 15 B Superfortresses into one of the finest Air Force bombardment outfits ever assembled. That single bomb, weighing 8, pounds, wiped out nearly five square miles of Hiroshima—60 percent of the city. It had been an exhausting hour mission. After returning to Tinian, Tibbets was greeted on the tarmac by General Carl Spaatz, commander of the Strategic Air Force, who pinned the Distinguished Service Cross on his rumpled, sweat-stained flying suit.
Controversy over the Enola Gay Exhibition
The atomic bomb, and nuclear bombs, are powerful weapons that use nuclear reactions as their source of explosive energy. Scientists first developed nuclear weapons technology during World War II. A period of nuclear proliferation followed that war, and during the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union vied for supremacy in a global nuclear arms race. A discovery by nuclear physicists in a laboratory in Berlin, Germany, in made the first atomic bomb possible, after Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassman discovered nuclear fission.
Tinian Island was the launching point for the atomic bomb attacks against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. One of three islands in the Northern Marianas, Tinian is less than forty square miles in size and located approximately 1, miles south of Tokyo. The round-trip flight from Tinian to Tokyo took Bs an average of twelve hours. This proximity to Japan is one reason Tinian served as the headquarters of the th Composite Group. Tinian, easy to supply by sea and perfect for launching air attacks against Japan, was desired by the U.