During the Early Christian period, it became the main literary language of various Aramaic-speaking Christian communities in the historical region of Ancient Syria and throughout the Near East. As a liturgical language of Syriac Christianity , it gained a prominent role among Eastern Christian communities that used both Eastern Syriac and Western Syriac rites. Following the spread of Syriac Christianity, it also became a liturgical language of eastern Christian communities as far as India and China. It flourished from the 4th to the 8th century, and continued to have an important role during the next centuries, but by the end of the Middle Ages it was gradually reduced to liturgical use, since the role of vernacular language among its native speakers was overtaken by several emerging Neo-Aramaic dialects. Classical Syriac is written in the Syriac alphabet , a derivation of the Aramaic alphabet. Because of theological differences, Syriac-speaking Christians diverged during the 5th century into the Church of the East that followed the East Syriac Rite under the Persian rule, and the Syriac Orthodox Church that followed the West Syriac Rite under the Byzantine rule.
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Syriac versions of the Bible - Wikipedia
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Syriac Churches & Monasteries in Mardin & Midyat
It may have been compiled as early as the sixth century, and was partly based on the Infancy Gospel of Thomas , and Protevangelium of James. It contains a number of embellishments on the earlier text, however, including a diaper of Jesus that heals people, sweat of Jesus that turns into balm, curing leprosy, and dyeing cloth varied colours using only indigo dye. It also claims earlier encounters for Jesus with Judas Iscariot , and with the thieves with whom he is later crucified, as well as being one of the earliest documents.
The surface of the stele often has text, ornamentation, or both. These may be inscribed, carved in relief , or painted. Stelae were created for many reasons. Grave stelae were used for funerary or commemorative purposes.