In addition to the archaeological legacy discussed above, there remains from this period the earliest literary record of Indian culture , the Vedas. Composed in archaic , or Vedic, Sanskrit, generally dated between and bce , and transmitted orally, the Vedas comprise four major texts—the Rig-, the Sama-, the Yajur-, and the Atharvaveda. Of these, the Rigveda is believed to be the earliest. Theories concerning the origins of the Aryans, whose language is also called Aryan , relate to the question of what has been called the Indo-European homeland. In the 17th and 18th centuries ce , European scholars who first studied Sanskrit were struck by the similarity in its syntax and vocabulary to Greek and Latin. This resulted in the theory that there had been a common ancestry for these and other related languages, which came to be called the Indo-European group of languages.
The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata
When did events of Ramayana and Mahabharata actually occur?
M ahabharata is the most incredible tale ever told to mankind. Dating the Mahabharata war and the start of Kaliyuga has been elusive and going on for many centuries, as per an article on VedicFeed. Many people question the occurrence and existence of Mahabharata. They speculate if it was a work of fiction or not?
The Ramayana vs The Mahabharata
The conflict arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and Pandavas , for the throne of Hastinapura. It involved several ancient kingdoms participating as allies of the rival groups. The historicity of the war remains subject to scholarly discussions. Scholarly research suggests ca. The location of the battle is described as having occurred in Kurukshetra in North India.
Sati or suttee [note 1] was a historical Hindu practice, in which a widow sacrifices herself by sitting atop her deceased husband's funeral pyre. The extent to which sati was practised in history is not known with clarity. However, during the early modern Mughal period, it was notably associated with elite Hindu Rajput clans in western India , marking one of the points of divergence between Hindu Rajputs and the Muslim Mughals , who banned the practice. Opposition to the practice of sati by British Christian evangelists, such as William Carey , and Hindu reformers such as Ram Mohan Roy , ultimately led the British Governor-General of India Lord William Bentinck to enact the Bengal Sati Regulation, , declaring the practice of burning or burying alive of Hindu widows to be punishable by the criminal courts.